Diabetic Foot

What is it?

Diabetics are vulnerable to various diseases. Their health is at a constant risk given their sugar levels, which can cause fatigue, giddiness, stroke and major heart diseases. Diabetics are vulnerable to a foot condition is popularly known as the Diabetic foot.

Diabetic foot is a serious condition which is a result of high blood sugar level that causes the nerves in the feet to swell and ultimately go numb. Swelling causes Diabetic neuropathy, which is a serious nerve damage condition among diabetic individuals.

Numbing of the feet could be a serious issue. You won’t realize when you get a cut or when your foot is seriously wounded. No pain or any other sensations are felt or realized. This condition cannot be cured unless and until you undergo diabetic foot treatment.

Having an untreated foot can cause further infections and unease among individuals. It can lead to gangrene which is solely a result of poor blood circulation in the feet. Gangrene is a serious condition under which the tissues in your feet begin to die slowly until you reach a condition where your feet have to be completely amputated.

Thus, it is very important, especially for diabetics, to take utmost care of their feet and take expert advice as early as possible in certain extreme cases.

Diabetic Foot

Type of Diabetic Foot

Diabetic foot can be of two types depending on the reasons and the symptoms of the disease. Any case can further cause ulcers and gangrene, and thus it is important to undertake a diabetic foot ulcer treatment as soon as possible.

Diabetic neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is caused in the case of excessive blood sugar that can lead to damage to nerves in your legs and feet.

As the nerves do not function properly, your feet go numb, and you lose the sense of all that happens to them. Cuts, wounds or bleeding cannot be sensed. As many as 50% of the diabetic are vulnerable to this disorder.

Diabetic neuropathy can cause further disorders like heart issues and problems with the urinary tract, digestive system and blood vessels; thus, be sure to go through a diabetic foot treatment on time.

For the majority of the patients, the symptoms are very mild. They are often related to the kind of neuropathy you are going through. Thus, this disorder can be further divided into 4 major parts:

  • Peripheral neuropathy

This is the extreme kind which is highly painful and too disturbing. The disease starts off by numbing your feet and legs and then attacks your hands and arms. Some of its symptoms are as follows:

  1. Insensitivity, numbness.
  2. Burning sensations
  3. Muscle weakness
  4. Pains and cramps.
  5. Foot problems such as ulcers, infections, etc.

  • Autonomic neuropathy

Nerves in the areas of the eyes, bladder, digestive system, sex organs and heart are automatically controlled in this case. Symptoms include:

  1. Bladder problems
  2. Fluctuations  in blood pressure and sweating
  3. Vomiting, nausea and loss of appetite
  4. Dizziness and fainting.
  • Proximal Neuropathy 

Proximal neuropathy affects the thigh, hip and lower back areas. They slowly spread to the arms and chest area, and one of the sides is more quickly affected than the other. Its symptoms are as follows:

  1. Severe pain in the chest and arms
  2. Difficulty in sitting and standing steadily
  3. Abdominal pain
  4. Pain in Thighs and buttocks
  • Mono neuropathy

This type is also known as focal neuropathy. Under this condition, a single nerve in the body is affected. It could be related to the arms, eyes, feet or face area. Diabetic foot ulcer treatment may be required if you feel the following:

  1. Tingling sensations in hands and numbness.
  2. Visual issues
  3. Pain in the thighs.
  4. Difficulty in lifting the feet
  5. Paralysis on the side of the face
  6. Pain in the shin and foot

Diabetic neuropathy can worsen if it is overlooked. In case of any such symptoms, be sure to visit us at Saqsham Ortho. We offer the finest diabetic foot treatment in Gurugram.

Peripheral vascular disease

Peripheral Vascular disease is caused due to slow or inadequate circulation of blood. It is caused by narrowing or blockage or spasms in the blood vessels.

Diabetes attacks the blood vessels in our bodies, and we are further vulnerable to various diseases. PVD affects the arteries and veins that surround the heart. Feet and legs are majorly affected in this case, but problems could be caused in the brain and heart as well.

PVD is commonly found among diabetics, and it is a result of blood clots that are formed. These clots further develop plaque around them that affect the walls of the arteries. This disorder is known as atherosclerosis, which is a major reason for PVD.

PVD can be developed according to the area of blood clots. Its symptoms include:

  • Changes in the skin texture and fluctuations in body temperature
  • Weakness in legs and feet
  • Gangrene
  • Numbness in muscles
  • Weakness and immobility
  • Severe pain and opaque toenails.
  • Severe pain at night

Diabetic foot can be a severe issue indeed. It needs to be treated on time and for which the following methods can be used. Angioplasty and vascular surgeries are often undertaken in case of an extreme condition. Many times, lifestyle change is recommended. Medicines are prescribed, and aftercare is necessary.

In case of severe immobility and pain, be sure to visit us at Saqsham Ortho. We provide all the required care and aftercare for diseases related to feet, arms, bones and joints. Proper diagnosis and expert treatment are provided to all. For the best diabetic foot treatments in Gurugram, be sure to contact us and get the required details. Visit our website and book your appointment today. 

 

Symptoms

Some common symptoms of the diabetic foot include a loss of feeling

  • numbness in feet
  • tingling sensation in the feet and ankle area
  • blisters, cuts without pain
  • red streaks across the foot
  • painful wounds with or without drainage

In a case where infection develops, the patient may suffer from:

  • Rising temperature
  • Chills
  • Uncontrolled blood sugar levels
  • Redness
  • shock

 A diabetic person going through any symptoms of foot infection must seek medical assistance. 

At Saqsham, we care for your well-being and strive to bring you the best orthopaedic care and solutions. If you are experiencing any foot and ankle issues and would like to get a medical opinion,
we’d suggest you book an appointment.