This tear can occur due to an injury when a heavy load on the leg with the foot planted and the knee partially bent. These tears can also be caused by falls, direct impact on the front of the knee, and lacerations.
Another cause of Quadricep tendon tear is tendon weakness, resulting from tendinitis where the tendon is inflamed, and chronic illnesses that disrupt the blood supply, such as chronic kidney failure or leukaemia. Tendons also weaken due to steroids, increasing muscles and weak tendons. Fluoroquinolones are a specific type of antibiotic that causes the tendons to weaken and a prolonged period of immobilisation, making the muscles and tendons supporting your knees lose strength and flexibility.
A tearing or popping sensation is familiar when a quadriceps tendon tears. Swelling and pain are joint, and you may be unable to straighten your knee. Other signs and symptoms include bruising, soreness, cramps, and knee buckling.
For the treatment, several factors are considered, such as the type and size of the tear, the patient’s level and intensity of activity, and the patient’s age.
In case of partial tears, the doctor might suggest non-surgical methods, including wearing a knee immobiliser or brace to keep your knee straight to help it heal. Once the pain and swelling settle down, you can commence the physical therapy where you specifically focus on exercises that help restore strength and range of motion.
Most persons who have complete tears require surgery to restore the tendon. However, the doctor may propose surgery if you have a big partial tear or a partial tear linked with tendon degeneration. It is likely determined by your age, activities, and past degree of function.
Book a consultation with our expert, Dr Debashish Chanda, for more information about the Quadriceps Tendon Tear or other knee and joint-related issues.