Shoulder Arthroscopy: All there’s to Know

Shoulder arthroscopy is a minimally invasive surgery used to diagnose and treat shoulder problems. Shoulder arthroscopy assists physicians in locating and treating shoulder problems that have not responded to nonsurgical treatments. Physical therapy, medication, injections, and rest are nonsurgical therapies for shoulder problems.

In this procedure, the surgeon inserts a small camera known as an arthroscope through a small incision made in the skin. This camera is used to project the internal images of the shoulder, which helps them understand the source of the discomfort. 

Injury Treatment 

Shoulder arthroscopy is often used to remove inflamed tissues. In addition, it is used to treat injuries like bones spurs, osteoarthritis, rotator cuff tears, tendonitis, etc.

Pre and Post Surgery

Before the surgery, the doctor will begin by inquiring about your medical history, understanding the medications you consume, and might recommend pausing some of the medications before the surgery. 

Before the surgery, the healthcare team will instruct you on the fasting time when you cannot eat or drink anything. The doctor might order some tests like a chest X-ray, blood tests, and electrocardiogram. 

Since it’s an outpatient surgery, you will be discharged the same day. You’ll take about an hour or two in the hospital to recover from the surgery. It is advised that the patient should have someone to stay with them for the night after the surgery and to take them home so that the patient doesn’t drive themselves.


The shoulder joint can take weeks to months to heal completely post-surgery. You can experience some amount of pain and swell for a few weeks.

Ice packs and medications can help with reducing the pain. You can also try to sleep in a propped-up position on a chair or bed for a few days after the surgery. After that, the surgeon might recommend using a sling to protect the shoulder.

Gentle exercise and physical therapy are part of a rehabilitation strategy. It can improve your shoulder mobility and strength. Your doctor will devise a rehabilitation programme tailored to your shoulder surgery.

Book a consultation with our expert Dr Reetadyuti Mukhopadhyay to learn more about Shoulder Arthroscopy and other sports and shoulder related topics.